The movement of sustainable development began in the 1980s with an aim to develop programs that will ensure that we conserve resources and preserve the environment. The movement started with the realization that human’s on earth were using up resources faster than they could replenish them.

Some of the programs were aimed at encouraging the adaptation of sustainable gardening and landscaping. Here are some of its principles:

Composting
Sustainable gardening encourages composting over the use of commercial fertilizers which even though appear to be more convenient and effective to some, can cause soil acidity. Using manure also encourages the recycling of waste. You can also use the leaves to compost, thereby getting rid of waste and minimizing the chances of a pest infestation.

Climate Appropriate Plants
Using native plant is another sustainable practicing that should be adopted by gardeners and landscapers. Native plants are adapted to the surrounding’s climatic conditions and therefore can grow faster and attain better yields. Plants that are poorly adapted to their environment need a lot of tendering and attention, not only is this time consuming for the gardener, but it is also likely to consume a lot of water and energy resources.

Water Preservation
This principle recognizes that water is a precious resource that needs to be preserved and protected. It needs to be protected from contaminants that may be passed onto the plants, or which may eventually find their way to the groundwater system.

A gardener or landscaper should preserve water by developing methods of collection and storing. Rainwater can be collected from the roof of the house and other nearby structures. This sustainable practice is also beneficial to the gardener in that the water can be used during dry periods when there is little rain, therefore saving costs on utility bills.

Any practices that are done through the principles of sustainability are often beneficial for the gardener, the ecosystem, and the world at large.